How to Write a Good Argumentative Essay: Easy Step-by-Step Guide for College Students
When writing an argumentative essay, you have to persuade readers that your point of view is the correct one. The way to do this is to provide logical reasoning and fact-based evidence to back it up. You need to use hard evidence and draw on studies to be convincing. This step-by-step guide gives you information on how to structure your essay and what elements it should include.
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Structure Of Your Argumentative Essay
Introduction: In the first paragraph of your essay, you need to state your topic, outline the evidence you plan to present and state your thesis. Your introduction should encourage readers to want to know more. It often helps to write it after writing the body of your essay, as you will have a better idea about what to include.
Thesis Statement: Your thesis statement is one sentence that summarizes the main point of your argument.
Body: The body of your essay will include several paragraphs that contain different aspects of your argument and supporting evidence. In the body, you need to give facts, figures and text citations to support your point of view. You need to address your topic from every possible angle and explain why you disagree with other points of view.
Conclusion: In your conclusion, you will restate your thesis statement and summarize the points you presented in the body of your essay. You shouldn’t introduce any new ideas in your conclusion.
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How To Write Your Thesis Statement
Your thesis statement may only be one sentence, but it will immediately inform readers about what you want to bring across.
Pose A Question: If you pose the question “What is the best type of diet to follow for a healthy lifestyle?,” you can answer with your thesis statement, “The best diet to follow for a healthy lifestyle is the Mediterranean diet.” This will draw readers in and make them want to find out why you think a Mediterranean diet is best.
Give An Opposing Opinion And Refute It: You can give an example of another type of diet, such as the Keto diet, and explain why you disagree with it. You could say that the Keto diet may help you to lose weight, but it’s not a good long-term, sustainable option.
Briefly Outline Your Main Points: You can state that you believe the Mediterranean diet is the best diet because it is balanced and sustainable, and research consistently shows that a diet low in red meat, sugar, and saturated fat reduces the risks of heart disease and overall mortality.
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How To Present Your Argument
There are various ways to present your argument. The classic way (Aristotelian) is best suited to making a straightforward argument. You present your argument and explain your perspective. You explain the opposing perspective and refute each point, presenting evidence to support your point of view. This classic strategy is a popular one because it outlines all the facts clearly and simply, making them easy for the reader to understand.
A good approach for controversial topics is the Rogerian method. It’s a middle ground approach where you present a problem and give the opposing points of view. You acknowledge where they are correct. You introduce a problem and first explain the opposition view. Then you explain your view and bring both sides together to finish with a balanced conclusion.
The Toulmin approach is a good one for addressing complex issues that need unraveling. You can also use this method to refute an opposing viewpoint by point. You only present one side of an argument and then present your evidence in such a way that makes it difficult to argue with.
In an argumentative essay, you need to provide sufficient evidence to support your claim and invalidate opposing claims. The way you structure your argument helps to convince your reader. By using concrete empirical data to support your argument, you should leave no doubt that your thesis statement is the only logical conclusion.
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